|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|143766||163474||2014||19 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Realistic distributions of heat fluxes at urban surfaces are used in CFD model.
• Different solar positions and intensities of buoyancy forces are studied.
• An adimensional parameter (H/Lurb) is suitable to classify the cases.
• H/Lurb determines the importance of buoyancy forces relative to mechanical forces.
• Sectional drag coefficient varies substantially for cases with high H/Lurb.
Effects of solar position and of the ratio of buoyant to inertial forces on flow properties (wind speed and temperature) within an array of urban-like obstacles are investigated. An aligned array of cubes with a plan area density of 0.25 is studied. First, distributions of sensible heat fluxes on built surfaces for different solar positions are determined by the Temperatures of Urban Facets in 3-D (TUF3D) model, a microscale three-dimensional urban energy balance model. These fluxes provide boundary conditions to a Reynolds-Averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) model, which simulates flow and temperature over the array. Results are evaluated against experimental measurements. Furthermore, microscale variation of flow and temperature as a function of the ratio of buoyant to inertial forces is analyzed. Finally, spatially-averaged flow properties are determined as a function of this ratio, and inform neighbourhood-scale parameterizations for mesoscale modeling of urban flows. Differences between configurations are larger at the microscale than the neighbourhood (spatially-averaged) scale. Spatially-averaged flow properties are impacted primarily for scenarios with high buoyancy-to-inertial force ratios. In addition, an analysis of stationary vs. unsteady flow simulations is made.
Journal: Urban Climate - Volume 9, September 2014, Pages 115–133