|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4515583||1624893||2016||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• Heating and freezing of wheat starch suspension increases the consistency factor.
• Mentioned process of a wheat starch suspension increases also the yield stress.
• Rheological factors correlation of pre-heating temperature is polynomial function.
• Retrograded amylose is a cause of changes in pastes rheology.
Water suspensions of starch (with the concentration of 8 g/100 g) were prepared in a measuring vessel of a Brabender viscograph and heated to temperatures of 74, 76.5, 79, 81.5, 84, 86.5, 89, 91.5 or 94 °C under continuous stirring. The resultant solution was cooled and frozen, and then defrosted. Thermal characteristics of re-pasting, rheological properties of produced pastes, starch solubility in water and swelling power were determined.The heating and freezing of the wheat starch suspension induced changes in its properties, with tendency and extent of these changes depending on temperature of pre-heating. The thermal characteristics of the analyzed starches revealed three peaks that corresponded to transitions proceeding during solubilization of retrograded amylopectin and retrograded amylose and solubilization of amylose–lipid complexes. Retrogradation of amylose induced by starch pre-heating followed by its freezing affected also the consistency coefficient and yield stress of the pastes formed by the analyzed starches. Values of these rheological parameters were higher at higher temperatures of pre-heating, compared to the pastes prepared from native starch, and were changing accordingly to the determined second order polynomial function. Amylose retrogradation occurring during the production of starch preparations diminished their solubility in water and increased their swelling power compared to native starch.
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Journal: Journal of Cereal Science - Volume 69, May 2016, Pages 194–198