|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5116301||1378093||2017||14 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
- The scale of VOC emissions associated with ship-loading operations of petroleum products in refineries has been estimated.
- Emission and diffusion of VOC into atmosphere have been modelled by including a proper treatment of the hours of calm.
- Iso-concentration maps, for the identification of critical areas to protect people, have been produced.
Emissions due to ship-loading of hydrocarbons are currently not addressed neither by the Directive on the integrated pollution prevention or by other environmental regulations. The scope of this study is to point towards the environmental and safety concerns associated with such emissions, even if proper attention has not been given to this issue until now. In order to achieve this goal, the modelling of the emission volatile organic compounds (VOC), due to ship-load operations at refineries has been made by means of the definition of a simulation procedure which includes a proper treatment of the hours of calm. Afterwards, a quantitative analysis of VOC dispersion for an Italian case-study is presented with the primary aims: (i) to develop and verify the validity of the approach for the modelling of the emission sources and of the diffusion of these contaminants into the atmosphere by a proper treatment of the hours of calm and (ii) to identify their contribution to the total VOC emitted in a typical refinery. The calculated iso-concentration contours have also been drawn on a map and allowed the identification of critical areas for people protecting by the adoption of abatement solutions.
Journal: Journal of Environmental Management - Volume 204, Part 1, 15 December 2017, Pages 637-650