کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5726586 1610090 2016 12 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Original articleHealth services research and policyJustification of CT for Individual Health Assessment of Asymptomatic Persons: A World Health Organization Consultation
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موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پزشکی و دندانپزشکی رادیولوژی و تصویربرداری
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Original articleHealth services research and policyJustification of CT for Individual Health Assessment of Asymptomatic Persons: A World Health Organization Consultation
چکیده انگلیسی

An international expert consultation was convened by the World Health Organization (WHO). The purpose of the meeting was to review the use of CT in examining asymptomatic people. This is often referred to as individual health assessment (IHA). IHA was identified as a global phenomenon unenthusiastically tolerated, and not actively promoted, structured, or regulated in most countries. This paper identifies the state of the art for IHA and some considerations in relation to its justification, in different regions of the world. The outcomes reached include the following: questions around terminology and culture of IHA practice; review of IHA in some countries, regions, and international bodies; dilemmas for participants in IHA; risk communication, education, and training for professions and public; the desirability of guidelines and clinical audit; social, ethical, public health, and resource considerations; and a framework for IHA and regulatory considerations.Three subcategories of examination for asymptomatic individuals were identified: formal screening programs; examinations for which the evidence base or risk profile is incomplete; and opportunistic examinations with little or no evidence or risk profile to suggest they have any merit. The latter challenges the justification principle of radiation protection. In addition, the issue of the costs, direct and indirect, associated with false positives and/or equivocal/incidental findings were highlighted. These and other considerations make it difficult to view some IHA as a bona fide medical activity. To allow it to be viewed as such requires that it be conducted within a robust clinical governance framework that includes regulatory dimensions.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Journal of the American College of Radiology - Volume 13, Issue 12, Part A, December 2016, Pages 1447-1457.e1
نویسندگان
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