کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
5770481 1629429 2017 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
A calorimetric assessment of the effects of sodium chloride and sodium bromide on the microbiological and thermokinetic characteristics of soil
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
ارزیابی کالری سنجی اثرات کلرید سدیم و برومید سدیم بر ویژگی های میکروبیولوژیکی و ترموکوئنیت خاک
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کلمات کلیدی
میکروکالوریمتری، فعالیت میکروبی خاک، نمک
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه علوم زمین و سیارات فرآیندهای سطح زمین
چکیده انگلیسی


- Changes in the physicochemical, microbiological, thermokinetic properties of soil were studied.
- The pH values and SMB content of soil samples decreased with increasing doses of NaCl and NaBr.
- Successive NaCl and NaBr doses increased electrical conductivity of soil.
- NaCl and NaBr inhibited glucose biodegradation processes in soil.
- Sodium chloride had a more inhibitory effect on soil properties.

Excess salinity may lead to degradation of arable land and exclusion from agricultural production by worsening of their properties. The evaluation of the characteristics of saline soils is very important from the point of view of the use of agricultural soil. The aim of this study was to determine changes in the physicochemical properties of soil, the content and activity of soil microbial biomass (SMB) and the thermokinetics of glucose biodegradation in soil samples containing different doses of sodium chloride and sodium bromide (0.0263; 0.0526; 0.1052; 0.1578; 0.2104; 0.2630 mmol g− 1 DM soil), and to compare the effects of both salts. The pH values of soil samples decreased (from 6.1 to 5.4 for NaCl and NaBr) and electrical conductivity increased (from 0.20 dS m− 1 to 2.61 dS m− 1for NaCl and 2.30 dS m− 1 for NaBr) with increasing doses of both salts. SMB content, determined based on substrate-induced respiration (SIR), decreased with increasing doses of NaCl and NaBr (from 737 mg C to 348 mg C for NaCl and 379 mg C kg− 1 DM soil for NaBr). Both salts inhibited glucose biodegradation processes in soil proportionally to their increasing doses (NaBr exerted a greater inhibitory effect). This was confirmed by lower values of the maximum rate of heat production (RHPmax) and the apparent growth rate constant (k), and by higher values of peak time (PT), generation time (tG) and the inhibitory ratio (I). Changes in pH, SIR-SMB and Qtmax (total heat production) were modeled based on the applied doses of NaCl and NaBr. The empirical data were well approximated by the proposed mathematical models representing relationships between soil pH, SIR-SMB and Qtmax vs. the applied doses of NaCl and NaBr. They can be used to reliably predict the effects of the analyzed salts on the tested soil parameters.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Geoderma - Volume 288, 15 February 2017, Pages 1-7
نویسندگان
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