|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|6435568||1637181||2013||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
A giant oilfield (YM-2) with an estimated reserve of close to one billion bbl was recently discovered in an Ordovician carbonate reservoir at a burial depth of 5800-6200Â m in the northern Tarim Basin, western China. Biomarker and isotope geochemistry of the hydrocarbons indicate that the oil was derived from Ordovician marine source rocks at early to peak oil generation. Authigenic illite (K-Ar) dating, fluid inclusion analysis, fluid inclusion PVTx and thermal history modeling indicate that the accumulation is of primary in origin, and the original charge occurred in the Permian during the Late Hercynian Orogenic Stage, approximately 290-250 million years ago. The physiochemical compositions of the hydrocarbons and formation water remained largely unchanged since the initial accumulation. The excellent preservation of such an old accumulation at such a great depth is due to continuous burial of the YM-2 structure since the Triassic, a thick effective seal, and a relatively low geothermal gradient with a current reservoir temperature of 127-130Â Â°C. This finding suggests that under suitable conditions old petroleum accumulations can be well-preserved, and some old and deep basins may be prospective frontiers for future exploration.
âº An integrated approach and workflow for documenting the age of an oil accumulation. âº Unique geological condition for the preservation of a 250 million-year-old giant oil field. âº Fluid inclusion PVTx modeling providing evidence of reservoir fluid physiochemical stability. âº Linking hydrocarbon generation, charge and preservation with trap evolution.
Journal: Marine and Petroleum Geology - Volume 43, May 2013, Pages 478-488