کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
6457978 1420863 2017 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Deep soil water extraction helps to drought avoidance but shallow soil water uptake during dry season controls the inter-annual variation in tree growth in four subtropical plantations
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
استخراج عمیق آب خاک به اجتناب از خشکسالی کمک می کند، اما جذب آب کم عمق خاک در فصل خشک، تغییرات سالانه در رشد درختان را در چهار گیاه نیمه گرمسیری کنترل می کند
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کلمات کلیدی
تخلیه آب خاک، رشد درخت، مخفف ایستاده، ایستاده خالص فصل خشک، منطقه ساتروپیک،
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه علوم زمین و سیارات علم هواشناسی
چکیده انگلیسی


- C. lanceolata depleted soil water over a longer season but consumed less soil water.
- The mixed stand depleted more soil water than the pure stand.
- Stands relied on the deep soil water during the dry season.
- Available of shallow soil water during dry season determined how well trees grow.

Some essential features of forest hydrologic cycles are based on observations of the soil water balance. However, measurements of soil water dynamics in subtropical forests have mostly been restricted to the upper 100 cm of soil. The relative shallow depth in soil water measurement would bias the understanding how and to what extent soil water contributes to evapotranspiration. We investigated and compared the soil water dynamics down to 200 cm depth over 7 years in four subtropical plantations, including one mixed stand type (Cunninghamia lanceolata mixed with Schima superba) and three pure stand types (C. lanceolata, Pinus elliottii, and Pinus massoniana). We also examined the variations in fine root distribution and tree basal area increment across stand types. We showed that, in contrast to the P. elliottii and P. massoniana stands, the C. lanceolata stand type extracted deep soil water when the top soil was still wet, depleted soil water over a longer season, but consumed less total soil water during the dry season. Our results revealed that the mixed stand type depleted more soil water during the dry season than the pure C. lanceolata stand type. In addition to the species-specific traits of water consumption, the different soil water depletion between stand types seems to be also accounted for by the different slope aspect and rock fragment content. During the entire dry season, the four stand types mainly relied on the soil water in the 100-200 cm soil depth where fine root density was considerably low, however, the inter-annual variation in stem growth depended on the soil water depletion from 0 to 50 cm soil layer. We conclude from these results that deep soil water is likely to make a significant contribution to drought avoidance over the dry period, but the available of shallow soil water to the fine roots during dry season may determine how well trees grow. This study highlights the important to consider the deep soil water extraction when explain the ecosystem evapotranspiration variations.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology - Volumes 234–235, 15 March 2017, Pages 106-114
نویسندگان
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