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• The study is an investigation of the earthquake damage response of the concrete gravity dam.
• The material behavior is based on the damage mechanics, it has been implemented in a finite element program
• Severe damage was found in the form of horizontal cracking observed on both the upstream face of the upper part of dam monoliths
• The nonlinear dynamic analysis of Koyna dam is performed using the concrete model with isotropic damage in local approach.
• We show the time history graphs of horizontal and vertical displacement at the dam crest.
The aim of this study is to investigate the earthquake damage response of the concrete gravity dam. It is well known that simulation of concrete structures up to rupture requires nonlinear behavior of the models. The material behavior whose principle is based on the damage mechanics has been implemented in a finite element program. This model takes into account the dissymmetry of the behavior of concrete and considers cracking in tension and rupture in compression. The dynamic equilibrium equations of motion are solved by using the explicit central difference method which is based on approximation of velocities and accelerations with quotients of finite difference of known values of displacements with regular time step. For numerical application, two dimensional seismic analysis of Koyna gravity dam is performed by using the 1967 Koyna earthquake records. The results obtained are shown in the time history graphs of the horizontal and vertical displacements of the nodal point located at the crest of the dam. These are the stresses, the strains and the cumulated damage at the integration points respectively.
Journal: Engineering Failure Analysis - Volume 58, Part 2, December 2015, Pages 417–428