|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|85547||159095||2016||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
Juniperus phoenicea is a tree that can grow on vertical cliff faces in dry and warm Mediterranean climate conditions. These trees are adapted to extreme growing conditions where the main constraints are verticality, compact hard limestone, and low water supply. They respond to these constraints via various specific features and high longevity. The objective of this study is to confirm whether or not their tree-rings are annual in order to specify growth strategies and accurately date these trees. Trunk morphology, anatomical wood anomalies and radial growth were analyzed on 53 trees in the Ardèche canyon. Crossdating of the ring widths using traditional dendrochronological techniques was unsuccessful, so radiocarbon dating of tree pith was used to assess tree age, and wiggle-match dating was used to test for differences between number of rings counted and radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon dates span the period 2520–685 BP. Minimal difference between radiocarbon dates and ring counts was apparently small—missing rings occur, but not in large numbers. Tree-ring formation is annual and radial growth is low, which creates stunted old trees. Such old living trees are uncommon in the Mediterranean basin, especially at low elevation. They can provide long tree-ring chronologies back to 792–524 cal BC. Results from the radiocarbon dating indicate that accurate annual dating of these rings may be possible by crossdating. J. phoenicea growing on cliffs offer a valuable model to better understand cliff population ecology and the functional responses of trees that can live in harsh environmental conditions.
Journal: Dendrochronologia - Volume 37, March 2016, Pages 79–88