کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
94526 160302 2015 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود کنید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Seeing enemies? A systematic review of anger bias in the perception of facial expressions among anger-prone and aggressive populations
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
دیدن دشمنان؟ یک مرور نظام مند از تعصب خشم در درک حالات چهره در میان جمعیت های خشن مستعد و تهاجمی
کلمات کلیدی
تعصب خشم؛حالات چهره؛خشم؛پرخاشگری؛اصلاح سوگیری توجه؛اختلال شناخت
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم پزشکی و سلامت پزشکی و دندانپزشکی پزشکی قانونی
چکیده انگلیسی


• Systematic review of anger bias in facial perception among anger-prone populations.
• Almost all studies indicated some type and degree of anger-biased perception pattern.
• A biased perception was present when ambiguous and even unambiguous faces were perceived.
• Preliminary evidence of anger bias among anger-prone and aggressive populations.
• The presence of anger bias may have important clinical implications.

No systematic research has been conducted to determine whether anger-prone and potentially externalizing, aggressive individuals have anger bias when perceiving facial expressions within neuropsychological paradigms. However, such knowledge is relevant because anger bias may be a cognitive pathway mediating aggression in individuals susceptible to externalizing behavior. This paper therefore aims to clarify whether anger-prone and aggressive populations are emotionally biased toward perceiving others as angry and hostile when processing facial expressions in neuropsychological paradigms. A systematic search of electronic databases and a subsequent manual search identified 15 studies involving 21 experiments (n = 2155). Some type of biased perception pattern was observed in all but one study consisting of one experiment and two studies each consisting of two experiments in which one showed no bias. The biased perception pattern was, however, not restricted to a deficit in selective attention. Rather, it involved a broader bias pattern where anger and hostility were perceived from ambiguous and even unambiguous non-hostile expressions. The present review provides preliminary evidence that anger-prone and aggressive populations are characterized by bias toward perceiving others as angry and hostile when processing facial expressions in a variety of neuropsychological paradigms. Seeing enemies could, indeed, be a cognitive pathway that mediates reactive and instrumental aggression during social interaction among susceptible populations. However, more research is warranted in this unsystematically and poorly investigated area.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Aggression and Violent Behavior - Volume 25, Part B, November–December 2015, Pages 373–383
نویسندگان
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