|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|143715||163465||2015||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
این مقاله ISI می تواند منبع ارزشمندی برای تولید محتوا باشد.
- تولید محتوا برای سایت و وبلاگ
- تولید محتوا برای کتاب
- تولید محتوا برای نشریات و روزنامه ها
پایگاه «دانشیاری» آمادگی دارد با همکاری مجموعه «شهر محتوا» با استفاده از این مقاله علمی، برای شما به زبان فارسی، تولید محتوا نماید.
• Non-monotonic variations of hydrologic responses to urbanization.
• Synergistic effect of rainfall and land surface properties on flood responses.
• Ignorance of spatial variability in rainfall underestimates flood magnitudes.
This study highlights the changes in the hydrologic responses to urbanization under idealized spatial heterogeneity in rainfall distribution. The study builds off recent assessments which show that urban areas modify the spatial rainfall pattern in its vicinity. Numerical experiments were conducted over an idealized watershed by prescribing different spatial patterns of rainfall and impervious coverage. Hydrologic responses were characterized by four metrics: flow distribution, daily variation, frequency of floods, and interannual runoff variability, as well as relative changes in flood magnitudes under different scenarios. Results indicate that hydrological response depends on both the spatial extent of urban coverage and the spatial patterns of rainfall. The most noticeable hydrologic variations and relative changes of flood magnitudes occur when the watershed is moderately urbanized (with 20–30% impervious coverage in the watershed). A factor separation scheme was employed to determine the synergistic effect of land surface and rainfall heterogeneity on flood magnitudes. Increases in flood magnitudes induced by urbanization could be underestimated by as much as 50% if spatial rainfall patterns are ignored. This study highlights the need for considering urban meteorological feedback while examining hydrologic responses to urbanization with both the changes of impervious coverage and spatial rainfall patterns considered.
Journal: Urban Climate - Volume 12, June 2015, Pages 128–140