|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|143771||163475||2014||16 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• We quantify the effect of soil water advection phase evolution of soil thermal field.
• Limited soil water advection enlarge the phase difference between LST and heat fluxes.
• The theoretical predictions hold for both diurnal and annual cycles.
• Cooling of UHI in arid and semi-arid environments tends to be multi-modal.
Urban-rural contrast is central to many urban environmental problems, a prominent example being the urban heat island effect. To ameliorate urban thermal stress, extensive research work has been focused on the mitigation of critical environmental temperatures, while the timing of excessive heating was largely overlooked. Advection of soil water flux plays a critical role in determining the soil thermal field, which in turn modulates surface energy fluxes and land–atmosphere interactions. In this paper, we formulate the wave phase differences between soil temperatures and soil heat fluxes due to soil water advection based on harmonic function method. It has been found that phase lags, viz. hysteresis effects, exist among all land surface energy budgets and the land surface temperature. More generally, the difference of phase and time evolution of the land surface temperature and the ground heat flux is also manifested in annual cycles. In the context of urban–rural differences, the temporal difference in peak surface temperatures and peak turbulent fluxes has profound implication to human thermal comfort and building energy efficiency.
Journal: Urban Climate - Volume 10, Part 1, December 2014, Pages 19–34