|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|2664137||1140624||2015||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود کنید|
IntroductionAlthough sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most common single gene disorder worldwide, caregivers of children do not have adequate knowledge about the illness and its management. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of education along with tailored written materials in changing the behaviors of caregivers to help them provide better care for children with SCD.MethodsA preintervention and postintervention quasi-experimental design was used. A convenience sample of 43 caregivers of 57 children were asked to complete a questionnaire related to their knowledge of SCD before and after educational sessions. The educational sessions (the intervention) were provided to caregivers at the Children's Cancer Center in Lebanon by one registered nurse, one certified pediatric nurse practitioner, and one pediatric hematologist. Emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations were compared 2 months before and 2 months after the intervention.ResultsA statistically significant increase was found in the knowledge of caregivers about the cause, symptoms, and management of the disease. A statistically significant decrease occurred in the number of hospitalizations before and after the intervention but not in the number of visits to the ED. Multiple regression analysis found that none of the background variables were related to knowledge, ED visits, or hospitalizations.Clinical implicationsEducation and written materials written in a simple language that is understood by 5th-graders were beneficial in improving the knowledge of caregivers and in decreasing the number of hospitalizations of children with SCD.
Journal: Journal of Pediatric Health Care - Volume 29, Issue 1, January–February 2015, Pages 54–60