|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4476288||1622724||2016||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• If correctly implemented, existing measures will contribute to GES.
• However barriers to achieving GES are highlighted when relying on existing measures.
• Very few new measures are being proposed by Member States in their PoM.
• Prevailing economic interests (Blue Growth) may in some cases hinder achieving GES.
• Better coordination across existing legislation and new measures are required.
Recent additions to marine environmental legislation are usually designed to fill gaps in protection and management, build on existing practices or correct deficiencies in previous instruments. Article 13 of the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requires Member States to develop a Programme of Measures (PoM) by 2015, to meet the objective of Good Environmental Status (GES) for their waters by 2020. This review explores key maritime-related policies with the aim to identify the opportunities and threats that they pose for the achievement of GES. It specifically examines how Member States have relied on and will integrate existing legislation and policies to implement their PoM and the potential opportunities and difficulties associated with this. Using case studies of three Member States, other external impediments to achieving GES are discussed including uses and users of the marine environment who are not governed by the MSFD, and gives recommendations for overcoming barriers.
Journal: Marine Pollution Bulletin - Volume 111, Issues 1–2, 15 October 2016, Pages 18–32