|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4697621||1637257||2012||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
The Nannihu Mo–W deposit, located in the Henan Province of China, is a giant porphyry deposit formed in the Qinling Orogen during the Jurassic continental collision between the North China and Yangtze Cratons. Mo–W mineralization is associated with the Nannihu porphyritic monzogranite, occurring as numerous stockwork veinlets in the altered wallrocks and the causative porphyry. Both the porphyry stock and wallrocks underwent intense hydrothermal alteration, ranging outwardly from potassic to phyllic alteration, and to carbonation zones with increasing distance from the intrusion. The hydrothermal ore-forming process can be divided into four stages characterized by veinlets, from early to late: (1) quartz + potassic feldspar ± molybdenite ± pyrite; (2) quartz + molybdenite veins containing minor pyrite and chalcopyrite; (3) quartz + polymetal sulfide; and (4) quartz + carbonate + fluorite. Most of the ores are formed during stages 2 and 3.Four types of fluid inclusions (FIs) are distinguished in this study based on petrographic and microthermometric criteria, i.e. pure CO2, NaCl–H2O, CO2–H2O and daughter mineral-bearing fluid inclusions. All of the four types of FIs can be observed in the hydrothermal quartz formed in stages 1, 2 and 3; while the stage 4 minerals contain only NaCl–H2O fluid inclusions. Fluid inclusions of stage 1 are mainly homogenized between 350 and 460 °C, with salinities ranging from 5.7 to 17.9 wt.% NaCl equiv. The stage 2 FIs yield homogeneous temperatures of 300–380 °C and salinities of 3.5–16.9 wt.% NaCl equiv. FIs of stage 3 are homogenized between 250 and 370 °C, with salinities of 1.8–14.3 and 28.6–39.1 wt.% NaCl equiv. FIs of stage 4 are homogenized at temperatures of 115 to 265 °C, yielding salinities of 0.5 to 1.2 wt.% NaCl equiv. Daughter minerals, such as halite, chalcopyrite and some unknown minerals, are frequently present in stage 3 FIs, which probably represent a reducing and oversaturated fluid-system resulting from fluid-boiling. The daughter mineral-bearing FIs coexist with vapor- and liquid-rich NaCl–H2O FIs that have contrasting salinities. These FIs are homogenized in divergent ways at similar temperatures, suggesting that fluid boiling took place in stages 2 and 3. The estimated pressures range from 70 to 270 MPa in stage 1, through 30–150 MPa in stage 2, to 30–85 MPa in stage 3, corresponding to a depth of no less than 3 km. In other words, the ore-forming fluids are characterized by high temperature, high salinity, high fO2 and high CO2 content; and fluid-boiling resulted in CO2 release, fO2 decrease and ore mineral precipitation. We suggest that the CO2-rich fluid is a distinctive feature of porphyry systems developed in continental collision setting, in transitional compressional to extensional regime, contrasting to the CO2-poor NaCl–H2O fluids observed in volcanic arcs.
► The Nannihu porphyry Mo–W system is the best to represent East Qinling Mo belt.
► Pure CO2 and CO2-rich and solid-bearing CO2-rich fluid inclusions are observed at Nannihu deposit.
► The high-salinity CO2-rich fluids are characteristic of porphyry systems formed in continental collision regime.
Journal: Ore Geology Reviews - Volume 46, August 2012, Pages 83–94