|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4714888||1638376||2012||17 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
Plagioclase crystals from four basalt samples dredged from different portions of the Marsili seamount (Southern Tyrrhenian, Italy) provide a detailed record of the changes occurring in the surrounding magma during its ascent in the crust. The textural features and chemical zoning (i.e., An content and Fe, Mg, Sr and Ba concentrations) of the plagioclases from each sample show that aggregation of various generations of crystals occurred in the host melt prior to eruption. Plagioclases resulting from crystallisation in small sill intrusions, where local flotation of plagioclase may have occurred, are ubiquitous. Instead, large (up to 1 mm) homogeneous An-rich plagioclases are rare and have only been found in two of the studied basalts, recovered from the northern and southern portions of the volcano, respectively. These crystals record crystallisation events occurring long before eruption, and probably derive from deep-seated crystalline material. At the highest An values, the Sr and Ba concentrations of the studied plagioclases also indicate the existence of two distinct mafic magmas within the lower crustal plumbing system of the Marsili volcano, one with lower Sr and Ba contents than the other. Three of the four studied basalts came from magma with low Sr and Ba, whereas the fourth, which erupted from the southern portion of the volcano, sampled magma richer in Sr and Ba. The ascent of magma caused resorption of the previously formed plagioclase crystals and regrowth of normally or inversely zoned portions, depending on the water-saturated or water-undersaturated conditions of the surrounding magma, respectively. Small shallow magmatic reservoirs may be located under the southern part of the Marsili volcano, as testified by the resorbed sodic cores (An52–57) found in the two basalt samples from this portion.
► We studied plagioclase phenocrysts from four basalts of the Marsili back-arc volcano.
► An content and Fe, Mg, Sr and Ba concentrations of plagioclases were analysed.
► Each sample contains a mixture of plagioclase crystals formed at different crustal levels.
► Two distinct mafic magmas (high Sr and low Sr) were recognised.
► The results suggest the presence of small-size sill intrusions in the lower crust.
Journal: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research - Volumes 241–242, 1 October 2012, Pages 61–77