|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4715104||1638407||2011||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
A long recharging period characterized Mount Etna volcano during 1993–2000 before the main explosive–effusive 2001 and 2002–2003 flank eruptions. The joint analysis of ground deformation and gravity data over the recharge period reveals that different phenomena occurred within Etna's plumbing system and clearly indicates two phases spanning 1993–1997 and 1997–2000, respectively. The first phase was characterized by magma storage and accumulation at an intermediate depth (2–6 km below sea level), which provoked overall inflation and positive gravity changes. During the second phase, the magma started to rise and intrude at shallower levels favoring the movement of the unstable eastern flank, which accelerated its sliding toward the East. The shallower magma accumulation also caused the gas exsolution, associated with increasing explosive activity at the summit craters. Negative gravity changes were detected during this phase. The gravity measurements, independent of the same result obtained by geochemical studies, suggest that only 20–30% of the magma volumes supplied in the plumbing system were then erupted. The complex dynamics of rising magma beneath Mount Etna makes ground deformation and gravity measurements complementary, being able to detect different effects of magma emplacements beneath the surface. Our results also highlight how the joint use of ground deformation and gravity observations may be crucial in identifying the nature and rate of an impending period of volcanic eruptions.
► We study the Etna recharging phase before the main 2001 and 2002 flank eruptions.
► We provide a picture of phenomena beneath Mt Etna through deformation and gravity.
► Both methodologies highlight two main phases showing different volcano dynamics.
► New correlations among flank kinematics, gravity, deformation and eruptive activity.
Journal: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research - Volume 200, Issues 3–4, March 2011, Pages 245–254