|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4716124||1638683||2014||27 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
• The ca. 105 Ma episodic magmatism and its geodynamic implications are described.
• A model of Early Cretaceous slab rollback beneath the forearc is proposed.
• The accompanying asthenosphere upwelling formed a transitory thermal anomaly.
• The thermal anomaly induced a melting of oceanic crust to form adakitic granitoids.
• Melting of metasomatized mantle wedge produced lamprophyre.
Cretaceous episodic magmatism produced Nb-rich lamprophyres and adakitic granitoids in the Kinki district of SW Japan. K–Ar dating of minerals from the lamprophyres, adakites, and hornblende peridotite xenoliths yielded ages of 109–99 Ma, indicating a short-lived episodic magmatism. The lamprophyres generally display primitive high-Mg basaltic to basaltic andesite compositions with high Mg# and high Cr and Ni contents that preclude substantial differentiation. Some high-Nb basalt (HNB) and Nb-enriched basalt (NEB) compositions also occur. The lamprophyres have high large-ion lithophile element (LILE) and high field-strength element (HFSE) contents and variable (La/Yb)n ratios, and can be divided into high-(La/Yb)n (12.5–22.1) and low-(La/Yb)n (3.6–6.1) groups. The former contains nepheline-normative rocks with positive initial εNd(T) values, whereas the latter contains hypersthene-normative subalkaline rocks with negative initial εNd(T) values. The adakitic granitoids have relatively high TiO2, Nb, and Ta contents compared to more typical high-silica adakites elsewhere, indicating that they were produced by high temperatures (ca. 920 to 970 °C) during slab melting.Early Cretaceous slab rollback and the accompanying asthenospheric upwelling at 105 Ma could form a transitory thermal anomaly, and hence induce melting of the subducted slab to form adakitic granitoids, and produce metasomatized wedge mantle to form the lamprophyres. The high-(La/Yb)n lamprophyres originated from small degrees of partial melting of an enriched metasomatized mantle wedge within the garnet stability field at depths of ≥ 70 km, whereas the low-(La/Yb)n lamprophyres originated from a different mantle source by a comparatively larger degree of partial melting in a relatively shallow part of the mantle wedge. The magmatic diversity of the Kyoto lamprophyres thus derives primarily from a heterogeneous mantle source that has been variably affected by the results of subduction.
Journal: Lithos - Volumes 184–187, January 2014, Pages 105–131