|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5515552||1541910||2017||10 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
- Chilling stress is one of the major abiotic stresses affecting chickpea productivity.
- Seed priming mitigated the adverse effects of chilling stress, osmopriming was the best strategy.
- Osmopriming also improved chickpea performance under optimal temperature conditions.
- Sugar metabolism, trehalose in particular, was linked with better chickpea growth under chilling.
Chilling stress is one of the major abiotic stresses affecting chickpea productivity worldwide. This study evaluated the potential role of seed priming in improving resistance to chilling stress in chickpea (cv. Punjab, 2008). The priming treatments involved soaking seeds of chickpea cultivar Punjab 2008 in either water for 8Â h (on-farm priming), aerated water (hydropriming) for 18Â h, or CaCl2 solution (ÏsÂ â1.25Â MPa; osmopriming) for 18Â h. Primed and untreated seeds were grown either at 18/15Â Â°C (control) or 13/10Â Â°C (chilling stress). Chilling stress suppressed the growth of chickpea while seed priming mitigated the adverse effects of chilling stress by improving stand establishment, growth, water relations, photosynthesis, Î±-amylase activity, sugar metabolism, antioxidant enzyme activity, membrane stability, and leaf accumulation of proline, nitrogen, potassium and soluble phenolics. Seed priming also improved the performance of chickpea under optimal (control) conditions. The overall order of improvement in resistance to chilling by using seed priming was osmoprimingÂ >Â hydroprimingÂ >Â on-farm priming. Osmopriming improved seedling dry weight, specific leaf area, leaf CO2 net assimilation rate, maximal photochemical efficiency of PSII, Î±-amylase activity, trehalose content and leaf relative water content by 10, 22, 17, 20, 73, 48 and 7%, respectively, relative to the non-primed control under chilling stress. Under optimal temperature conditions, the corresponding values were 30, 32, 16, 10, 83, 75 and 5%, respectively. Sugar metabolism, especially trehalose content, was strongly linked with stand establishment, photosynthesis, antioxidant potential (under chilling stress) and plant biomass. Overall, seed priming improved chickpea performance under both optimal temperature conditions and chilling stress through better germination metabolism and the accumulation of trehalose, which protected from oxidative damage and helped to maintain carbon assimilation and seedling growth.
Journal: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry - Volume 111, February 2017, Pages 274-283