|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|5786777||1640772||2017||16 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
- We present global predictions of the GIA signal in MIS 5a and 5c highstand elevations.
- A global database of MIS 5a and 5c highstand markers is compiled and analyzed.
- GMSL peaked atÂ â8.5Â Â±Â 4.6Â m (1Ï) during MIS 5a andÂ â9.4Â Â±Â 5.3Â m during MIS 5c.
- Lateral variations in viscosity must be invoked to reconcile US east and west coast records.
- These coasts sit on the outer and inner flank of the Laurentide/Cordilleran peripheral bulge, respectively.
Estimates of marine isotope stage (MIS) 5c and 5a global mean sea level (GMSL) based on marine terraces and coastal indicators range from 15-37Â m and 9-30Â m below present, respectively. Tectonic displacement and glacial isostatic adjustment (GIA) complicate efforts to refine this range. We revisit this issue using numerical predictions of post-glacial sea-level change and updated estimates of site-specific tectonic signals based upon these predictions. Laurentide and Cordilleran peripheral bulge dynamics and variations in the gravitational effect of these ice masses dominate the GIA signal along the east and west coasts of North America. Published compilations suggest that MIS 5 sea-level indicators extending from Virginia to the Caribbean lie on the outer flank of the peripheral bulge, while those along a transect from Oregon to Baja California sit on the inner flank of the bulge. Our GIA modeling reconciles these data by adopting a significantly weaker (i.e., lower viscosity) upper mantle in analyzing data on the Pacific coast relative to the Atlantic, an inference supported by seismic tomography. We present a sensitivity analysis that compares the observed elevation of globally distributed high stand markers to a suite of GIA simulations that vary the Earth model and GMSL from the Last Interglaciation (MIS 5e, â¼130-115 ka) to 70 ka. We conclude that GMSL peaked atÂ â8.5Â Â±Â 4.6Â m (1Ï) during MIS 5a andÂ â9.4Â Â±Â 5.3Â m during MIS 5c. A more restrictive analysis yields slightly wider bounds corresponding toÂ â10.5Â Â±Â 5.5Â m andÂ â11.1Â Â±Â 6.6Â m, respectively.
Journal: Quaternary Science Reviews - Volume 163, 1 May 2017, Pages 193-208