کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
6536603 1420844 2018 7 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Partitioning between evaporation and transpiration from Agrostis stolonifera L. during light and dark periods
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه علوم زمین و سیارات علم هواشناسی
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Partitioning between evaporation and transpiration from Agrostis stolonifera L. during light and dark periods
چکیده انگلیسی
Pressures on water availability for irrigation of turfgrasses continue in many parts of the United States as climate and weather patterns shift and populations increase. It is essential to understand underlying factors controlling water loss to more precisely predict irrigation requirements and develop new strategies for improving effective use of water. In this study, we investigate two key components of potential water loss from a bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L.) system that have not previously been examined in detail: 1) water loss in darkness, and 2) water loss through evaporation directly from the soil. The experiments were conducted in controlled environment chambers with intact cores from the field. An automated gravimetric system and soil moisture probes allowed precise measurements of water loss over ranges of vapor pressure deficits (VPD). The gravimetric and soil probe results indicated that substantial evapotranspiration occurred in darkness, at rates 40 to 60% of that in the light across VPDs. Simulations using field weather data from dry and humid environments indicated nighttime water loss rates would be expected to be 30 to 40% of that in the light. Using cores treated with a fast-acting, desiccating herbicide that eliminated transpiration but kept core resistances intact, evaporation directly from the soil surface was estimated to account for 40% of total water loss in the light and 60 to 70% in the dark. The results, collectively, indicated that water loss in darkness must be separately accounted for to accurately estimate daily evapotranspiration totals and irrigation requirements. Furthermore, because of the very high potential for evaporative water loss in the light and dark, efforts to improve water use efficiencies in the turfgrass system should include strategies that regulate both transpiration by the plant and evaporation from the soil surface.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology - Volumes 260–261, 15 October 2018, Pages 73-79
نویسندگان
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