کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
7008050 1455265 2018 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Ecological-economic modeling to optimize a desalination policy: Case study of an arid rentier state
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
مدلسازی اکولوژیکی-اقتصادی برای بهینه سازی یک سیاست خلع سلاح: مطالعه موردی یک کشور رنگرزی خشک
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کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی شیمی تصفیه و جداسازی
چکیده انگلیسی
Achieving long-term sustainability in potable water production is one of the greatest challenges facing countries with an arid climate, such as Kuwait. The socioeconomic environment of the country has created a rare paradox of staggering water consumption and chronic water scarcity. This research formulates a mathematical model that can identify the best policy to produce desalinated water while focusing on ecological and financial indicators. The parameters derived from each indicator are coupled with a weighted normalization scheme to generate a composite sustainability index based on the relative importance of each indicator from a rentier socioeconomic perspective. Seven desalination settings coupled with the available energy options, including fossil-fuel types, solar power and nuclear energy, were compared based on ecological and financial aspects and incorporated into a mathematical model. The ecological aspect was evaluated with a life cycle assessment (LCA), and the financial aspect was calculated using net present value (NPV) formulas with a nominal discount rate. The optimization model was formulated with a mixed integer program (MIP). The optimized policy indicates that two main desalination plants should maintain the Multistage-Flash Desalination while operating on natural gas, the remaining plants should use Multi-Effect Distillation with solar energy.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Desalination - Volume 430, 15 March 2018, Pages 64-73
نویسندگان
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