کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
8910224 1637487 2018 13 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
From mixed flow reactor to column experiments and modeling: Upscaling of calcite dissolution rate
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
از رآکتور مخلوط جریان به آزمایش ستون و مدل سازی: افزایش سرعت انحلال کلسیت
دانلود مقاله + سفارش ترجمه
دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی
رایگان برای ایرانیان
سفارش ترجمه تخصصی
با تضمین قیمت و کیفیت
کلمات کلیدی
کلسیت، نرخ انحلال، شبیه سازی حمل و نقل واجد شرایط، بالا بردن
موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه علوم زمین و سیارات ژئوشیمی و پترولوژی
چکیده انگلیسی
The objective of this work was to assess the extent to which calcite dissolution rate (Rcalcite) measured at controlled saturation state in mixed flow set-ups could be upscaled to column experiments, where the solution composition was variable in space and time. The dissolution rate of the (104) calcite face was investigated in mixed flow reactor set-ups at room temperature and pH 8. Various saturation conditions were studied by changing the composition of the inlet solution, enabling the determination of an empirical relation between Rcalcite and the Gibbs free energy of calcite dissolution (∆G) by measuring the surface topography with vertical scanning interferometry (VSI). The prevalent dissolution mode (i.e., etch pit nucleation or homogeneous surface retreat) was assessed with the same method. A dramatic decrease of the dissolution rate was observed for −8 < ∆G < −3 kJ/mol, correlated with a switch in the dissolution regime (inhibition of etch pit nucleation). The resulting Rcalcite-∆G relation, which is at odds with that derived from transition state theory (TST), was successfully fitted using the stepwave model (SWM). These experiments were supplemented with plug-flow column experiments, consisting of a chemically inert porous medium and oriented rhombohedral calcite single-crystals (0.4 × 0.4 cm2) regularly distributed in the column. The dissolution rates of calcite single crystals all along the column were retrieved using VSI on the recovered crystals at the end of the experiments. These latter experiments were compared with 1D and 2D reactive transport simulations, using either the TST- or the SWM-derived rate equation determined from our mixed-flow reactor experiments. The reactive transport simulations revealed that (i) 1D-simulations overestimated the dissolution rate of upstream and downstream calcite faces by a ~3- and ~20-fold factor, (ii) 2D-simulations satisfactorily reproduced the dissolution rates of all faces without any fitting parameter, within experimental uncertainties and (iii) both models slightly overestimated the steady-state concentration of calcium at the outlet of the column. Overall, this study can be considered as one of the multiple intermediate steps between chemostatic experiments and field measurements to assess the validity of the classical bottom-up upscaling approach. It also provides insight into our ability to model fluid flow and solution composition in the vicinity of dissolving single crystals.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Chemical Geology - Volume 487, 25 May 2018, Pages 63-75
نویسندگان
, , , ,
دانلود مقاله + سفارش ترجمه
دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی
رایگان برای ایرانیان
سفارش ترجمه تخصصی
با تضمین قیمت و کیفیت