کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
1420402 986361 2016 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Microstructure characterization and SCG of newly engineered dental ceramics
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی مواد بیومتریال
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Microstructure characterization and SCG of newly engineered dental ceramics
چکیده انگلیسی


• The feldspathic and polymer infiltrated ceramics (Enamic) have completely different microstructures. The former present crystals while the latter is amorphous.
• The lithium dissilicate and the Zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate presented greater susceptibility to stress corrosion than the other ceramics.
• The zirconia present in the lithium silicate is tetragonal zirconia.

ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to characterize the microstructure of four dental CAD-CAM ceramics and evaluate their susceptibility to stress corrosion.MethodsSEM and EDS were performed for microstructural characterization. For evaluation of the pattern of crystallization of the ceramics and the molecular composition, XRD and FTIR, respectively, were used. Elastic modulus, Poisson's ratio, density and fracture toughness were also measured. The specimens were subjected to biaxial flexure under five stress rates (0.006, 0.06, 0.6, 6 and 60 MPa/s) to determine the subcritical crack growth parameters (n and D). Twenty-five specimens were further tested in mineral oil for determination of Weibull parameters. Two hundred forty ceramic discs (12 mm diameter and 1.2 mm thick) were made from four ceramics: feldspathic ceramic – FEL (Vita Mark II, Vita Zahnfabrik), ceramic-infiltrated polymer – PIC (Vita Enamic, Vita Zahnfabrik), lithium disilicate – LD (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) and zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate – LS (Vita Suprinity, Vita Zahnfabrik).ResultsPIC discs presented organic and inorganic phases (n = 29.1 ± 7.7) and Weibull modulus (m) of 8.96. The FEL discs showed n = 36.6 ± 6.8 and m = 8.02. The LD discs showed a structure with needle-like disilicate grains in a glassy matrix and had the lowest value of n (8.4 ± 0.8) and m = 6.19. The ZLS discs showed similar rod-like grains, n = 11.2 ± 1.4 and m = 9.98.SignificanceThe FEL and PIC discs showed the lowest susceptibility to slow crack growth (SCG), whereas the LD and ZLS discs presented the highest. PIC presented the lowest elastic modulus and no crystals in its composition, while ZLS presented tetragonal zirconia. The overall strength and SCG of the new materials did not benefit from the additional phase or microconstituents present in them.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Dental Materials - Volume 32, Issue 7, July 2016, Pages 870–878
نویسندگان
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