|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4537872||1626518||2006||21 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
To delineate mesoscale variability in marine ecosystems of the subarctic North Pacific and identify “hotspots” of biological activity, we conducted contemporaneous surveys of plankton and avifaunal communites in 2000–2003. Plankton samples were collected with a continuous plankton recorder (CPR) towed by a commercial vessel while a trained observer recorded marine bird distributions using strip-transect techniques. Near- and sub-surface physical oceanographic properties and productivity patterns were measured using a temperature data logger and satellite-derived chlorophyll a concentrations. We identified 10 distinct biological communities across the North Pacific, which we refer to as ‘meso-marine ecosystems’ (MME). We examined the characteristics of MME over multiple years to assess temporal persistence. MME were associated with different bathymetric domains and current systems. MME differed in the overall abundance and species composition of their fauna and, therefore, almost certainly in productivity. Regular monitoring of the spatial and temporal variability of MME will enhance our ability to detect and understand coupled climate-ecosystem responses, and, in turn, help guide ecosystem-based fisheries and wildlife management.
Journal: Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography - Volume 53, Issues 3–4, February 2006, Pages 270–290