|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4717283||1354429||2009||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
Understanding the range of transport styles recorded by kimberlite deposits is key to describing the type and style of eruptions. Building a clear picture of the processes that shape deposits is essential for selecting exploration targets and evaluating the grade and value of diamond-bearing kimberlites. Variations in grade reflect differences in the diamond content of different magma parcels erupted during the lifetime of the kimberlite volcano, sorting during transport of eruption products, or reworking of diamonds during crater growth, cone collapse and erosion.The form of the kimberlite volcano is largely determined when the magma arrives near the surface. If magma comes into contact with external water, transport will be driven by a combination of magmatic gases + steam. From a diamond exploration perspective, the resulting deep diatremes make the most attractive targets because they survive erosion and tend to form large geophysical anomalies. If water is too abundant, a tuff cone or tuff ring with no diatreme or a shallow one will form. On the other hand, if external water is very limited or if the conduit is rapidly sealed by chilled melt, the transport system will be driven by magmatic gases alone. The result will then be a spatter cone or cinder cone underlain by a dike, possibly with a related lava flow, but with no diatreme.
Journal: Lithos - Volume 112, Supplement 1, November 2009, Pages 465–472