|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|4719253||1639171||2008||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
Results of clay mineralogy in 140 samples collected in major rivers and lakes in southwestern Taiwan and on the seafloor off Taiwan in the northeastern South China Sea (SCS), combined with clay mineral records of the Pearl River drainage basin, rivers in Luzon, and the South China shelf and slope, are used to semi-quantitatively evaluate the detrital fine-grained sediment contribution of Taiwan to the northern SCS. The clay mineral assemblage of the Taiwan-sourced sediments consists dominantly of illite (average 56%) and chlorite (41%), with very scarce kaolinite and smectite. Their respective distribution from the rivers and lakes to the seafloor off Taiwan does not show obvious basin-wide differences. Linear correlations of illite chemistry index with illite crystallinity and of illite crystallinity with kaolinite (%) present two end-members of provenances, the Pearl River and Taiwan, for the South China shelf and slope. Assuming that kaolinite in the northern SCS is provided completely from the Pearl River, the contribution of Taiwan in clay minerals is evaluated as 29% to the South China shelf and 23% to the South China slope, respectively. Accordingly, the contribution of the Pearl River to the South China shelf and slope is 52% and 31%, respectively. The Luzon Arc accounts for the rest of clay mineral components for the northern SCS mainly by providing smectite. The Bashi Strait-crossed branches of the southward deep North Pacific Deep Water and the northward surface Kuroshio Current in the western Pacific may transport Taiwan-sourced suspended sediments westwards to the northern SCS.
Journal: Marine Geology - Volume 255, Issues 3–4, 5 December 2008, Pages 149–155