کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
8071334 1521393 2018 29 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Biodiesel production from castor oil in Egypt: Process optimisation, kinetic study, diesel engine performance and exhaust emissions analysis
ترجمه فارسی عنوان
تولید بیودیزل از روغن کرچک در مصر: بهینه سازی فرایند، مطالعه جنبشی، عملکرد دیزل موتور و تجزیه و تحلیل انتشار اگزوز
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه مهندسی انرژی انرژی (عمومی)
چکیده انگلیسی
In this study, biodiesel production from castor oil has been investigated. Five independent variables including; methanol to oil (M:O) molar ratio, catalyst concentration, reaction temperature, time and stirring rate have been chosen to investigate their effect on biodiesel yield. Response Surface Methodology (RSM) via Rotatable Central Composite Design (RCCD) has been used to evaluate the influence of the independent variables on the reaction response. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) has been used to investigate the adequacy of the predicted model. The optimum conditions for 97.82% biodiesel yield have been achieved at M:O molar ratio of 5.4:1, potassium hydroxide (KOH) catalyst concentration of 0.73%, temperature of 64 °C, time of 2.5 h and stirring rate of 320 rpm. The predicted optimum conditions have been validated with 0.59% relative error from experimental results. The kinetic calculations concluded that reaction is pseudo second order with reaction rate constant, activation energy and frequency factor of 0.16 M−1 min−1, 21.95 kJ/mol and 6.02 M−1 min−1, respectively. Finally, a case study investigating the performance and emissions on a direct injection (DI) diesel engine fuelled by biodiesel/petro-diesel blends (5, 10, 15 and 20% v:v) has been performed concluding significant reduction of greenhouse and toxic gases.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Energy - Volume 157, 15 August 2018, Pages 843-852
نویسندگان
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