کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
8429335 1546202 2018 69 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Reformation in chimeric antigen receptor based cancer immunotherapy: Redirecting natural killer cell
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کلمات کلیدی
موضوعات مرتبط
علوم زیستی و بیوفناوری بیوشیمی، ژنتیک و زیست شناسی مولکولی تحقیقات سرطان
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Reformation in chimeric antigen receptor based cancer immunotherapy: Redirecting natural killer cell
چکیده انگلیسی
Natural killer (NK) cells are an important subset of lymphocytes which play a critical role in host immunity against cancers. With MHC-independent recognition, short lifespan and potent cytotoxicity, NK cells make a promising candidate for chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-engineered cancer immunotherapy. Due to innate biological properties of NK cells, CAR-NK may outperform CAR-T therapy in terms of less side effects and more universal access, which may become a great reformation in CAR-based cancer immunotherapy. The CARs used in peripheral blood (PB) NK cells as well as NK cell line like NK-92 are the most important outfits defining antigenic specificity. The constructs of CARs used in NK cells from different sources vary, which all undergo generational optimization. The anti-tumor effects of CAR-NK have been validated in numerous preclinical trials for cancers, including hematologic malignancies and many solid tumors, which provide evidence for potential clinical application of CAR-NK. Additionally, this review concludes the challenges faced in the application of CAR-NK. Although CAR-NK is considered as one of the most possible “off-the-shelf” products, the improvement for the efficiency of expansion and transduction as well as the solution for underlying safety issues is still needed. Possible coping strategies for challenges and upgrades in techniques are also highlighted for future development in CAR-NK cancer immunotherapy.
ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Reviews on Cancer - Volume 1869, Issue 2, April 2018, Pages 200-215
نویسندگان
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