کد مقاله کد نشریه سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی نسخه تمام متن
4685147 1635479 2012 9 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید دانلود رایگان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله ISI
Model for a dune field with an exposed water table
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موضوعات مرتبط
مهندسی و علوم پایه علوم زمین و سیارات فرآیندهای سطح زمین
پیش نمایش صفحه اول مقاله
Model for a dune field with an exposed water table
چکیده انگلیسی

Aeolian transport in coastal areas can be significantly affected by the presence of an exposed water table. In some dune fields, such as in Lençóis Maranhenses, northeastern Brazil, the water table oscillates in response to seasonal changes of rainfall and rates of evapotranspiration, rising above the ground during the wet season and sinking below in the dry period. Understanding dune mobility in an environment with a varying groundwater level is essential for the study of long-term evolution of many dune fields. Here we apply a model for aeolian dunes to study the genesis of coastal dune fields in the presence of an oscillating water table. We find that the morphology of the field depends on the time cycle, Tw, of the water table and the maximum height, Hw, of its oscillation. Our calculations show that long chains of barchanoids alternating with interdune ponds, such as those found at Lençóis Maranhenses, arise when Tw is of the order of the dune turnover time, whereas Hw dictates the growth rate of dune height with distance downwind.


► A model for dune formation with an exposed water table is proposed.
► The genesis of dune fields with an oscillating water table is investigated.
► The typical barchanoidal shape of dunes at Lençóis Maranhenses is reproduced.
► Dune shape depends on the oscillation rate of the water table.
► Groundwater level dictates the growth rate of dune height with distance downwind.

ناشر
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect (ساینس دایرکت)
Journal: Geomorphology - Volumes 159–160, 15 July 2012, Pages 169–177
نویسندگان
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