|کد مقاله||کد نشریه||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||نسخه تمام متن|
|6432547||1635435||2014||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||دانلود رایگان|
- Significant sediment storage occurred in the catchment area during the Pleistocene.
- 30 to 70% of material bypassed the Holocene alluvial fan towards the alluvial plain.
- Major volumetric partitioning occurs between the alluvial fan and the alluvial plain.
- Volumetric partitioning might be driven by specific Holocene hydrological regime.
- Sediment storage and release complicates mean paleo-erosion rate calculation.
Mass balances are often used to calculate sediment fluxes in foreland basins and denudation rates in adjacent mountain ranges on intermediate to long timescales (from a few tens of thousand to a million years). Here, we study the simple Quaternary catchment-alluvial fan system of the Kuitun River, in northern Tian Shan, to discuss some ideas about sediment storage, release, and bypass in relatively short (100Â km long) sediment routing systems. This study shows that the Kuitun catchment and piedmont areas clearly present evidence of a significant and temporary storage of sediments during the Pleistocene. These sediments were then excavated and delivered farther into the foreland basin during the Holocene. The difference between the volumes of materials released from the catchment and piedmont areas (5.5Â Â±Â 1.7Â km3) and the volume stored in a contemporaneous fan downstream (2.6Â Â±Â 0.6Â km3) indicates that the latter did not trap the whole sediment load transported by the river. The alluvial fan was bypassed by 27 to 78% of this load toward its distal alluvial plain. If this value is well estimated, it implies a major volumetric partitioning of the deposits between the fan and the alluvial plain, with a very high sedimentation rate in the fan (1.97Â Â±Â 0.52Â mmÂ·yâÂ 1) and a much lower one downstream (0.11Â Â±Â 0.11Â mmÂ·yâÂ 1). However, this volumetric partitioning might only occur during periods with a very specific hydrological regime such as the Holocene deglaciation. Eventually, the peculiar sediment storage and release pattern within the Kuitun catchment and piedmont areas during the Pleistocene and Holocene complicates the calculation of mean paleodenudation rates using either sediment budgets or in situ produced cosmogenic nuclides.
Journal: Geomorphology - Volume 214, 1 June 2014, Pages 168-182